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Vinland was the name given to North America as far as it was explored by the Vikings, presumably including both Newfoundland and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence as far as northeastern New Brunswick (where the eponymous grapevines are found).
In 1960, archaeological evidence of a Norse settlement in North America (outside Greenland) was found at L'Anse aux Meadows on the northern tip of the island of Newfoundland.
The exact meaning of this Norse toponym has not been established.
Three likely translations of the name have been advanced by linguists: .
After the exploration party returns to base, the Greenlanders decide to return home the following spring.
Thorstein, Leif's brother, marries Gudrid, widow of the captain rescued by Leif, then leads a third expedition to bring home Thorvald's body, but is driven off course and spends the whole summer wandering the Atlantic.
When he does manage to reach Greenland, making land at Herjolfsness, site of his father's farm, he remains there for the rest of his father's life and does not return to Norway until about 1000 CE.
Its assessment depends on a sketch made by antiquarian L. Klüwer (1823), now also lost but in turn copied by Wilhelm Frimann Koren Christie (1838).
In spring, Leif returns to Greenland with a shipload of timber towing a boatload of grapes.
On the way home, he spots another ship aground on rocks, rescues the crew and later salvages the cargo.
L'Anse aux Meadows may correspond to the camp Straumfjörð mentioned in the Saga of Erik the Red.
was the name given to part of North America by the Icelandic Norseman Leif Eiríksson, about year 1000.